Monday, September 18, 2017

S-400 vs MIM-104 Patriot

Image result for S-400 and MIM-104 Patriot photos

Russian S-400s vs MIM-104 Patriot

The MIM-104 Patriot and the S-400 'Growler' are among the most advanced multi-role Air Defence Systems ever exist on the planet, both are currently in full deployment. One must remember, that it is never easy to compare one system to another system without looking at the bigger picture since both they are unique on their own design. Take a consideration that in modern warfare especially at the battlefield, no single system that works on its own, of course the system depends on another element or unit in order to accomplish its mission success. Any given system and unit has a fixed role to play in war and  it should works in sync with other systems or units that will eventually help achieve the desired goal. On this weblog we resorting to a brief comparison to avoid a every lengthy description which might be quite complicate the accuracy in our comparing guest. To start off right away i commence with the S-400, which is a heavy hitter with very long-reach capability, at other side we have a Patriot that has a shorter engagement range.  Please remember,we are talking about two different classes of systems, and each one has its own dis/advantages.

Overviews

Both the systems are multi-role and can engage aircraft, ground objects and projectiles. Both the systems have excellent Radar and Command/control systems that can work on fully autonomous / semi-autonomous modes. Since the S-400 is expected to hit targets at extreme ranges, the radar is more powerful than the Patriots and it has longer range as compare to Patriot. Finally,but not least these two systems are very different systems built with different goals in mind, both are effective and both make their users gline for battle victory. 

Patriot: The PAC-3( later PAC-3 MSE) is a variant of the Patriot interceptors upgraded from older version of PAC-2.  The ballistic missile has significant of anti-ballistic missile capabilities.The new PAC-3 interceptors of patriots it can provides reliable defence for friendly forces under its protection.  The patriot has a single type of interceptor (~150 kms range to trace aircrafts) and all types of targets. However, this system has its own advantages and disadvantages. But still most effective and suitable for the US, NATO and its allies plus other users who bought this system. Patriot detection and engagement ranges is lesser to that of S-400 that probably detect, track and fire at a bogey distant target before the Patriot can even see it clearly.

S-400: Is an evolution of S-300 family that also rendering significant anti-ballistic missile capabilities. Its humongous 40N6 interceptors fulfils anti-ballistic missile roles, at approximately 150 - 160 kms engagement altitude.  Although much information about the technical designs of s-400 is largely contained from the public, and some defence analysts have no clue or getting opportunity to examined closely the s-400 in learning if these interceptors can truly execute their battle requirements effectively (other than development tests in media).  The S-400 is highly flexible when it comes to engagement ranges. The system uses multiple types of interceptors based on the targets range. The S-400 command node can use one of the following interceptors to bring down its target: The insane 40N6 (~ 400 kms) , the very long range 48N6 (~250 kms), the long range 9M96E2 ( ~120 kms) and medium range 9M96E (~ 40kms).  The Russians find this approach of arming a single system with multiple interceptors most suitable for combat mission.

Overall: In summing up with the above result the S-400 declared as better SAMs. However, the Patriot has some features which S-400 lacking. The Patriot has seen quite much of combat experiences than S-400 do. The Patriot played significant role like in Iraq,Afghanistan and elsewhere. However, theoretically and now then practically the S-400 is peaking-up the pace and it proved in recently combat deployment in Syria conflicts where the system protects Russian military infrastructures in Mid-East. (plus the Greek S-300 glorified battery). In short S-400 is steadily earning an immense respect. The deployment of S-300 / 400 in certain countries like Syria and Iran has altered the perception of strategic balances in the middle east.Thus the S-400’s deterrent function against aircraft sorties appeared to be a game changer against the military option chosen by the United States to punish Assad.


Related image

MIM-104 Patriot


Battle Characteristics

Country of origin: United States;
Manufacturer: Lockheed Martin,Raytheon and subsidiaries.
Introduced: 1999 
Class: Medium/high altitude (SAM).
Range: up to 49,215 ft (15 km)
Altitude: up to 49,215 ft (15 km)
Warhead: Hit-to-kill 161 lbs (73 kg) 
Speed: 3,806+ mph (Mach 5+) 
Weight: 688 lbs (312 kg) 
 Length: 17 ft (5.2 m)
 Diameter: 10 in (25 cm)
 Propellant: Solid Propellant 
Guidance System: Inertial/Active milimeter wave radar, terminal homing
Launch Platform: M902 mobile launching station.
Crew: AN/MSQ-104 Engagement (ECS) with 3-4 people

Like the Stinger-RMP missile and the AIM-9X Sidewinder, the Patriot is a guided missile too. However, the Patriot is somewhat more sophisticated than its two cousins. In both the Stinger and Sidewinder missiles, the infrared seeker is sensitive to engine heat, but a human being is responsible for finding and identifying the target,by aiming the missile so that its heat-seeking eye can lock onto the target, and then firing the missile. A Patriot missile, instead,is different because it depends on radar. The Patriot missile system uses its ground-based radar to find, identify and track the targets. An incoming missile could be 50 miles (80.5 kilometers) away when the Patriot's radar locks onto it. At that point an incoming missile would not even be visible to a human being, much less identifiable, but the Patriot missile system can operate completely automatic mode with no human intervention at all. An incoming missile flying at Mach 5 which traveling approximately one mile every second. There just isn't a lot of time for human interaction to react and respond once the missile is detected, making automatic detection and self launching it is important feature. Patriot missiles are launched from Patriot missile batteries based on the ground fixed or mobile. A typical battery has six components as follow:


The Patriot missile system has been deployed in many combat situations because it is able to shoot down enemy missiles (e.g., Scud missiles) and protect soldiers and civilians from a missile attack. Patriot missile batteries were tasked several times in the Iraq and were extensively used in the 1991 Gulf war during Desert Storm Operations


Russian S-400s

S-400 Triumf on the mobile-based launcher,Kaliningrad,Russia.



The S-400 Triumf, Code-name by NATO as "SA-21 Growler", is a mobile, surface-to-air missile system (SAM) designed by Russia. It is capable of engaging aircraft, UAVs, cruise missiles, and has a terminal ballistic missile defense capability. It represents the fourth generation of long-range Russian SAMs, and the successor to the S-300. The S-400’s mission set and capabilities are roughly comparable to the U.S. Patriot system in some instance. Unlike a Patriot interceptors that has hit-to-kill feature, the S-400 does not currently employ hit-to-kill ballistic missile defense technology. Russia is however still developing a new interceptor, the 77N6, which is believed to employ hit to kill technology

Battle Characteristics

Origin: Russia;
Possessed by: Russia 
Class: Surface-to-Air Missile (SAM)
Basing: Mobile, ground-based
Warhead: 143 kg high-explosive fragmentation (48N6), hit-to-kill (77N6) 
Range: 250-400 km, 60 km (ABM)
Status: Operational
In Service: 2007-Present

Service History 

The first S-400 system became operational in 2007 and entered service when it was assigned to Air Defense Corps the regimental unit that responsible for defending Moscow. Since then it became fully operational. The system has seen several high-profile deployments, augmentation of S-300 improvement which is also operational together with s-400 in several key areas. Notably, S-400 units are stationed in Kaliningrad, where it defends Russia’s significant military presence from aerial attack. Besides Kaliningrad, the system was also deployed to Tartus, Syria in 2015, to guard Russian and Syrian naval and air assets. Russia has also stationed S-400 units in Crimea to strengthen Russia’s position on the recently-annexed peninsula. In addition to being deployed by Russian forces, the system is also currently being marketed to other countries. In 2015, China signed an agreement with Russia to purchase six battalions of the system. In 2016, India likewise contracted to purchase five battalions.

Conclusion

I should retaliate that S-400 is the best Air-Defence System for any nation could wish to have: This proven in many reasons and factual evidence, that made several military procurers and countries to turn their heads to a Russian-build system.

 Why Turkey is buying S-400 and not MIM-104 Patriot although is part of NATO? 

Russia and Turkey, signed a highly anticipated "big money" deal. Turkey actually acknowledged the inconsistency exists between NATO member states and Warsaw Pact allies like Russia and its weaponry orientation against the NATO operational doctrine. But that can't limit Turkey to extend its hand overbroad, since they want nothing but what they need is a strong defence system to protect their people.  The Kremlin announced Sept 12 that it had concluded one of the biggest ever negotiations with a NATO member: Turkey, which now becomes the second country in the western military alliance to get a Russian anti-ballistic missile system. "The contract has been signed and it is about to be executed.

As you may know, S-400 is one of the most complicated systems consisting of a large set of technical components, so there are quite a few nuances," Vladimir Kozhin, Russia's presidential aide for military-technical cooperation, told Russian news agency TASS. "I can merely guarantee that all of the decisions made under this contract strictly agree with our strategic interests." However, he added that Turkey would have to wait for some years until the system is delivered. "I would like to point to one significant factor: There is a waiting list of likely buyers eager to have this system. It’s Southeast Asian and Middle Eastern countries and some CSTO [Collective Security Treaty Organization; a Russian-backed military alliance.] member-states. There are many applications.

A number of countries have taken a specific interest in this system," Kozhin said, pointing out that these contracts have already put a heavy workload on arms manufacturers and the delivery date of the S-400 Triumph system to Turkey is not yet clear. Why armies buy this weapon In the beginning of XXI century, Russia created an anti-aircraft heavy hitter. It was named S-400 Triumph or, as NATO countries call it, a "Growler"

Comparison Demo Video between S-400 and MIM-104 Patriot

This newborn weapon fast became a heavyweight in the world of anti-ballistic missile systems with its capacities to detect enemy rockets, jets, bombers, helicopters - all aerial attacking systems at distances of up to 360 miles. These radar-based systems were not "unidirectional" like some others, but allowed for the detection of every "bird" coming or leaving from a 360-mile circle. This was its key feature, as its nearest competitor, the American MIM-104 Patriot, provided for only 110 miles of visibility from one direction. Both systems can eliminate all modern and possible aerial targets.

But the "Growler" starts doing that at distances of 240 miles and so today, not even upcoming fifth-generation fighter jets and bombers can pass through it undetected. These two features became the key reason for China, India, and Turkey to become the first in a row to get the notorious protection system that costs around $500 million for one division (eight launching machines plus support units).




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